Developed by Construction Safety Professionals
with continuous input by the host
facilities and stakeholders, CSTOP
stands for Construction Safety Training Orientation Program. It
is an industrial and heavy construction safety training and orientation program designed to provide
contractor employees with a better than basic understanding of hazards and safety
procedures associated with work in highly hazardous work areas. Training focuses
on construction/industrial safety issues:
- Construction/Industrial Accident Prevention
- Personal Protective Equipment
- Hand &Power Tool Safety
- Controlling Hazardous Energy
- Line Breaking
- Mobile Equipment Operations
- Crane and Rigging Safety
- Fall Protection
- Trenching & Excavation Safety
- Confined Space Entry
- Hazard Communication
- Emergency Response
- Process Safety Management
- Work Permit Awareness
- Standby/Fire Watch
- Safety - Who's
CSTOP has enjoyed long standing relationships with the host/client facilities for many years
who decide on course content,
curricula and delivery methods. They include Petroleum Refineries,
such as Shell Oil, British Petroleum, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil,
Cenex. Pulp/Paper Mills; Georgia Pacific, Weyerhaeuser,
Boise Cascade, Potlatch. PSM facilities and manufacturers such as Wah Chang
and Pennsylvania Power and Light. As well as large heavy Construction/Infrastructure and Technology Companies.
CSTOP has grown tremendously over
the past four years. We encourage you to see for yourself the results of having a certifiable and verifiable safety training program at the heart of your business. You will also enjoy the lower EMR's and increased productivity CSTOP does for its clients.
CSTOP provides the most complete
standardized, certifiable/verifiable, training
for construction employees assigned to work in highly hazardous work
areas. Federal and state
safety regulations require owners to ensure that workers have safety training.
owners require that all construction employees assigned to work at their facilities
have completed CSTOP safety training and have a current certification
card. This will allow the owner to concentrate safety training resources on site-specific
HOW CSTOP FULFILLS PSM
(1) Application. This section applies to contractors
performing maintenance or repair, turnaround, major renovation, or
specialty work on or adjacent to a covered process. It does not apply to
contractors providing incidental services which do not influence process
safety, such as janitorial work, food and drink services, laundry,
delivery, or other supply services.
(2) Employer (host facility) responsibilities.
employer, when selecting a contractor,
shall obtain and
evaluate information regarding the contract employer's safety
performance and programs.
The employer shall inform contract employers of the known potential
fire, explosion, or toxic release hazards related to the contractor's
work and the process.
CSTOP does this for the host facility in the Petroleum
OF A PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM
employer shall explain to contract employers the applicable provisions
of the emergency action plan required by WAC 296-67-053.
employer shall develop and implement safe work practices consistent with
WAC 296-67-021, to control the entrance, presence, and exit of contract
employers and contract employees in covered process areas.
employer shall periodically evaluate the performance of contract
employers in fulfilling their obligations as specified in subsection (3)
of this section.
employer shall maintain a contract employee injury and illness log
related to the contractor's work in process areas.
(3) Contract employer responsibilities.
contract employer shall assure that each contract employee is trained in
the work practices necessary to safely perform his/her job.
CSTOP does this for the contractor.
contract employer shall assure that each contract employee is instructed
in the known potential fire, explosion, or toxic release hazards related
to his/her job and the process, and the applicable provisions of the
emergency action plan.
this for the contractors in the petroleum module
contract employer shall document that each contract employee has
received and understood the training required by this paragraph. The
contract employer shall prepare a record which contains the identity of
the contract employee, the date of training, and the means used to
verify that the employee understood the training.
CSTOP does this for the contractor.
contract employer shall assure that each contract employee follows the
safety rules of the facility including the safe work practices required
by WAC 296-67-021.
contract employer shall advise the employer of any unique hazards
presented by the contract employer's work, or of any hazards found by
the contract employer's work.
WAC 296-67-021 Operating procedures.
(1) The employer (host facility) shall develop and
implement written operating procedures that provide clear instructions
for safely conducting activities involved in each covered process
consistent with the process safety information and shall address at
least the following elements.
for each operating phase:
(i) Initial startup;
(ii) Normal operations;
(iii) Temporary operations;
(iv) Emergency shutdown including the conditions under
which emergency shutdown is required, and the assignment of shutdown
responsibility to qualified operators to ensure that emergency shutdown
is executed in a safe and timely manner;
(v) Emergency operations;
(vi) Normal shutdown; and
(vii) Startup following a turnaround, or after an
(i) Consequences of deviation; and
(ii) Steps required to correct or avoid deviation.
(c) Safety and health considerations:
(i) Properties of, and hazards presented by, the
chemicals used in the process;
(ii) Precautions necessary to prevent exposure, including
engineering controls, administrative controls, and personal protective
does this as the program addresses fire, safety and health topics around
PSM covered processes
(iii) Control measures to be taken if physical contact or
airborne exposure occurs;
(iv) Quality control for raw materials and control of
hazardous chemical inventory levels; and
(v) Any special or unique hazards.
systems and their functions.
(2) Operating procedures shall be readily accessible to
employees who work in or maintain a process.
(3) The operating procedures shall be reviewed as often
as necessary to assure that they reflect current operating practice,
including changes that result from changes in process chemicals,
technology, and equipment, and changes to facilities.
(4) The employer shall certify annually that these
operating procedures are current and accurate.
employer shall develop and implement safe work practices to provide for
the control of hazards during operations such as lockout/tagout;
confined space entry; opening process equipment or piping; and control
over entrance into a facility by maintenance, contractor, laboratory, or
other support personnel. These safe work practices shall apply to
employees and contractor employees.
Amended WAC 296-67-291
and recommendations for process safety management (non-mandatory).
Introduction to process safety management. The major
objective of process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals is
to prevent unwanted releases of hazardous chemicals especially into
locations which could expose employees and others to serious hazards. An
effective process safety management program requires a systematic
approach to evaluating the whole process. Using this approach the
process design, process technology, operational and maintenance
activities and procedures, non-routine activities and procedures,
emergency preparedness plans and procedures, training programs, and
other elements which impact the process are all considered in the
evaluation. The various lines of defense that have been incorporated
into the design and operation of the process to prevent or mitigate the
release of hazardous chemicals need to be evaluated and strengthened to
assure their effectiveness at each level.
This WISHA standard is required by the Clean Air Act
amendments as is the Environmental Protection Agency's Risk Management
Employers are encouraged to use diagrams which will help users
understand the process. A block flow diagram is used to show the major
process equipment and interconnecting process flow lines and show flow
rates, stream composition, temperatures, and pressures when necessary
for clarity. The block flow diagram is a simplified diagram.
CSTOP does this
in the Power Point Petroleum module.
flow diagrams are more complex and will show all main flow streams
including valves to enhance the understanding of the process, as well as
pressures and temperatures on all feed and product lines within all
major vessels, in and out of headers and heat exchangers, and points of
pressure and temperature control.
All employees, including maintenance and contractor employees, involved
with highly hazardous chemicals need to fully understand the safety and
health hazards of the chemicals and processes they work with for the
protection of themselves, their fellow employees and the citizens of
Training conducted in
compliance with WAC 296-800-170, chemical hazard communication program
standard, will help employees to be more knowledgeable about the
chemicals they work with as well as familiarize them with reading and
training in subjects such as operating procedures and safety work
practices, emergency evacuation and response, safety procedures, routine
and non-routine work authorization activities, and other areas pertinent
to process safety and health will need to be covered by an employer's
In establishing their
training programs, employers must clearly define the employees to be
trained and what subjects are to be covered in their training.
this, and relies on the advisory board for topics to be covered)
setting up their training program will need to clearly establish the
goals and objectives they wish to achieve with the training that they
provide to their employees. The learning goals or objectives should be
written in clear measurable terms before the training begins. These
goals and objectives need to be tailored to each of the specific
training modules or segments.
(CSTOP does this
for each module)
Employers should describe the important actions and
conditions under which the employee will demonstrate competence or
knowledge as well as what is acceptable performance.
Training program evaluation will help employers to
determine the amount of training their employees understood, and whether
the desired results were obtained.
If it appears that the
trained employees are not at the level of knowledge and skill that was
expected, the employer will need to revise the training program, provide
retraining, or provide more frequent refresher training sessions until
the deficiency is resolved
(CSTOP is completed
annually as prescribed by the advisory board).
Those who conducted the training and those
who received the training should also be consulted as to how best to
improve the training process.
CSTOP does this in train the trainer and in its
audit process. If there is a language
barrier, the language known to the trainees should be used to reinforce
the training messages and information.
CSTOP developed materials in Spanish.
consideration must be given to assure that employees including
maintenance and contract employees receive current and updated training.
EMPLOYEE WHO COMPLETE
Each person successfully completing the training is
issued a certification card and is registered in the CSTOP central
database. Any individual's certification may be verified using either the Certification
Card or the database. The Certification Card is valid for one year from
the first of the month following the date of
training. The Grace Period has been discontinued. Now, all trainees must have current card for
the Annual Update Refresher Course.
CSTOP training are provided through licensed Community Colleges, Vocational Schools, Facility Owners, Contractors and Union Training Centers. Instructors must complete a CSTOP "Train-the-Trainer" course and meet the following criteria: Have a high-school diploma or GED; have a valid first aid/CPR card; and have prior training or safety experience in construction or
industry to have access to a licensed CSTOP program.
C-STOP's On-Line Training including both the 4-Hour Refresher
& Basic Programs. This program has been
exclusively developed to make it easier for contractors to stay in compliance.
We encourage you to take advantage of this unique learning environment
and help lower your training costs. This online training product will
help a contractor or facility such as yourself experience the following...
travel and training costs
Automated record keeping
to online instructor
money by putting your training programs on our site.$$$ In addition,
will be providing this platform for delivering company specific training
topics such as employee orientation. To learn more about having
your company training programs placed on our platform please contact
CSTOP license, DVD's, PowerPoint presentations and materials are available
in English or Spanish for purchase by
contacting CSTOP. The CSTOP
Train the Trainer classes are currently being delivered at CSTOP Offices in Kirkland WA. Classes are 1 day
for qualified instructors and the class size is 2-3 instructors per class. Please contact the CSTOP Office for additional registration information at 425-822-8300.
Note: Classes start at 8:30 AM end at 5 PM.
CURRENT INSTRUCTOR FORMS
Forms may also be available as an on-line electronic form. Please E-Mail
email@example.com if you think a specific form should be
available on this page and currently is not posted.
C-STOP has a great marketing video and mailer package available for anyone who wants to know more about the program. If you want to learn more about CSTOP or know of anyone who might be interested in, please
8916 122nd Ave NE
Kirkland, Washington 98033
Ph: 425-822-8300, Fax: 425-828-4514
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